Tuesday, May 27, 2008


This Day in History, May 27
On May 27th, 1883, Alexander III was crowned Tsar of Russia.

Other Notable Events, May 27
In 1703, Czar Peter the Great founded St. Petersburg as the new capital of Russia.

In 1930, Richard Gurley Drew received a patent for his adhesive tape, which was later manufactured by 3M as Scotch tape.

In 1937, San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge was opened. An estimated 200,000 people crossed it the first day.

In 1941, the British Navy sank the German battleship Bismarck 400 miles west of the French port of Brest.

In 1968, the U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion disappeared in the Atlantic with 99 men aboard.

In 1988, the U.S. Senate voted 98-5 in favor of the U.S.-Soviet treaty to abolish intermediate-range nuclear missiles.

In 1990, Cesar Gaviria, 34, was elected president of Colombia after a campaign in which three candidates were killed. He vowed to make no deals with the cocaine cartels.

In 1992, hours after a Russian-brokered cease-fire went into effect in Bosnia, Serb guerrillas launched a surprise mortar bombardment on Sarajevo, killing at least 20 people and injuring up to 160 more waiting in lines to buy bread.

In 1993, U.S. sailor Terry Helvey was sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty to murder in the October 1992 death of gay shipmate Allen Schindler in Sasebo, Japan.

Also in 1993, five people were killed when a car bomb exploded near an art gallery in Florence, Italy. A few paintings by relatively minor artists were destroyed but masterpieces by Botticelli and Michelangelo survived.

In 1996, a cease-fire was signed in the Russian republic of Chechnya.

In 1997, Russian President Boris Yeltsin and the leaders of NATO nations signed an agreement clearing the way for NATO expansion to the east.

In 1999, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic and four other Serbian leaders were indicted on murder and other war crimes. Milosevic went on trial in 2002 for war crimes but he died in 2006 before the trial ended.

In 2004, a federal appeals court in San Francisco upheld Oregon's law authorizing doctors to help their terminally ill patients commit suicide.

In 2005, the U.N. conference on the nuclear non-proliferation treaty ended with failure to reach any substantive agreement on policy.

Also in 2005, a suicide bomb killed 19 people at a crowded Muslim shrine in Islamabad, Pakistan, on the last day of a Shiite-Sunni religious festival.

In 2006, a major earthquake struck the Indonesian island of Java, killing a reported 5,000 people and leaving an estimated 200,000 homeless.

In 2007, the bodies of 45 people were found in southern Baghdad, authorities reported. The deaths brought the total number killed in April sectarian violence in Baghdad to 631.

Copyright 2008 by United Press International

Notable Birthdays for May 27
Those born on this date include:
- Financier Cornelius Vanderbilt in 1794
- Social reformer Amelia Bloomer, for whom the undergarment was named, in 1818
- Poet Julia Ward Howe, who wrote the lyrics for The Battle Hymn of the Republic, in 1819
- Financier and railroad developer Jay Gould in 1836
- Frontiersman Wild Bill Hickok in 1837
- Dancer Isadora Duncan in 1877
- Detective novelist Dashiell Hammett in 1894
- Composer Harold Rome in 1908
- U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey and actor Vincent Price, both in 1911
- Golfer Sam Snead in 1912
- Author Herman Wouk in 1915 (age 93)
- Actor Christopher Lee in 1922 (age 86)
- Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1923 (age 85)
- Jazz musician Ramsey Lewis and actress Lee Meriwether, both in 1935 (age 73)
- Actor Lou Gossett Jr. in 1936 (age 72)
- Actor Bruce Weitz in 1943 (age 65)
- Singer/songwriter Don Williams in 1939 (age 69)
- Actress Peri Gilpin ( Frasier ) in 1961 (age 47)
- Actor Todd Bridges ( Diff'rent Strokes ) in 1965 (age 43)
- Actor Joseph Fiennes in 1970 (age 38)

Copyright 2008 by United Press International

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