Friday, May 23, 2008


This Day in History, May 23
On May 23rd, 1618, the Second Defenestration of Prague helped to instigate the Thirty Years' War.

Notable Birthdays for May 23
Those born on this date include:
- Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus, the father of modern systematic botany, in 1707
- Austrian physician and hypnotist Franz Mesmer in 1734
- Social reformer Margaret Fuller in 1810
- Gen. Ambrose Burnside, who later was a U.S. senator and for whom sideburns were named, in 1824
- Actor Douglas Fairbanks Sr. in 1883
- Clarinetist/bandleader Artie Shaw in 1910
- Singer Helen O'Connell in 1920
- Singer Rosemary Clooney in 1928
- Actresses Barbara Barrie in 1931 (age 75) and Joan Collins in 1933 (age 73)
- Robert Moog, inventor of the Moog Synthesizer, in 1934 (age 72)
- Actor Charles Kimbrough ("Murphy Brown") in 1936 (age 70)
- And comedian Drew Carey in 1961 (age 45).

Copyright 2006 by United Press International

Other Notable Events, May 23
In 1701, Capt. William Kidd was hanged in London for piracy and murder.

In 1900, Sgt. William H. Carney became the first black to win the Congressional Medal of Honor, for his efforts during the Battle of Fort Wagner, S.C., in June 1863.

In 1939, the U.S. Navy submarine "Squalus" went down off New Hampshire in 240 feet of water. Thirty-three of the 59 men aboard were saved in a daring rescue with a diving bell.

In 1960, Israeli agents captured Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Argentina and spirited him back to Israel, where he was tried, convicted and hanged.

In 1988, Maryland Gov. Donald Schaefer signed the nation's first law banning the manufacture and sale of cheap handguns, known as "Saturday Night Specials."

In 1991, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld federal regulations prohibiting federally funded women's clinics from discussing or advising abortion with patients.

In 1994, four men convicted in the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.

Also in 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis was laid to rest next to her first husband, President John F. Kennedy, in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1995, a man with an unloaded handgun climbed over a fence and ran toward the White House. He was tackled by one Secret Service agent and shot and wounded by a second.

In 1997, Mohammed Khatami, a "moderate" who favored improved economic ties with the West, was elected president of Iran.

In 2002, Archbishop Rembert Weakland of Milwaukee acknowledged paying $450,000 in church funds in response to a claim that he had sexually assaulted a graduate student, then 33. Weakland, 75, who retired after the 1998 settlement became known, denied any sexual misconduct.

In 2003, a modified version of President George W. Bush's tax reduction proposal got final congressional approval when Vice President Dick Cheney cast the tie-breaking vote in the Senate.

In 2004, a double-decker ferry carrying more than 200 passengers sank off the Bangladesh coast during a storm with fewer than half of the people reported surviving.

Also in 2004, a 2-day Arab summit ended in Tunis with a commitment to the Middle East peace process and a condemnation of Israel for its actions against Palestinian people.

In 2005, Newsweek's chairman said the magazine would restrict the use of unnamed sources in the wake of an item that alleged desecration of the Koran, sparking violent riots and forcing a printed retraction.

Copyright 2006 by United Press International

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