Sunday, January 31, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 31

January 31
1606Guy Fawkes is hanged, drawn and quartered for his part in the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to blow up Parliament.
1620Virginia colony leaders write to the Virginia Company in England, asking for more orphaned apprentices for employment.
1788The Young Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart dies.
1835A man with two pistols misfires at President Andrew Jackson at the White House.
1865House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishingslavery.
1911The German Reichstag exempts royal families from tax obligations.
1915Germans use poison gas on the Russians at Bolimov.
1915German U-boats sink two British steamers in the English Channel.
1916President Woodrow Wilson refuses the compromise on Lusitaniareparations.
1917Germany resumes unlimited sub warfare, warning that all neutral ships that are in the war zone will be attacked.
1935The Soviet premier tells Japan to get out of Manchuria.
1943The Battle of Stalingrad ends as small groups of German soldiers of the Sixth Army surrender to the victorious Red Army forces.
1944U.S. troops under Vice Adm. Spruance land on Kwajalien atoll in the Marshall Islands.
1950Paris protests the Soviet recognition of Ho Chi Minh‘s Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1966U.S. planes resume bombing of North Vietnam after a 37-day pause.
1968In Vietnam, the Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers attack strategic and civilian locations throughout South Vietnam.
1976Ernesto Miranda, famous from the Supreme Court ruling on Miranda vs. Arizona is stabbed to death.
1981Lech Walesa announces an accord in Poland, giving Saturdays off to laborers.

Born on January 31
1734Robert Morris, signatory of the Declaration of Independence.
1797Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (C Major SymphonyThe Unfinished Symphony).
1919Jackie Robinson, first African-American baseball player in the modern major leagues.
1925Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader.

Friday, January 29, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 30

January 30
1649Charles I of England is beheaded at Whitehall by the executioner Richard Brandon.
1844Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University.
1862The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.
1901Women Prohibitionists smash 12 saloons in Kansas.
1912The British House of Lords opposes the House of Commons by rejecting home rule for Ireland.
1931The United States awards civil government to the Virgin Islands.
1933Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor by President Paul Hindenburg.
1936Governor Harold Hoffman orders a new inquiry into the Lindbergh kidnapping.
1943Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders himself and his staff to Red Army troops in Stalingrad.
1945The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany.
1949In India, 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi’s assassination on the first anniversary of his death.
1953President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to permit the Nationalists to attack Communist China.
1964The Ranger spacecraft, equipped with six TV cameras, is launched to the moon from Cape Canaveral.
1972British troops shoot dead 14 Irish civilians in Derry, Ireland. The day is forever remembered in Ireland as ‘Bloody Sunday.’
1976The U.S. Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns, equating funds with freedom of speech.
1980The first-ever Chinese Olympic team arrives in New York for the Winter Games at Lake

Born on January 30
1882Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States.
1885John Henry Towers, American naval aviation pioneer.
1912Barbara Tuchman, U.S. historian (The Guns of August).

What Happened This Day In History - January 29

January 29
1813Jane Austin publishes Pride and Prejudice.
1861Kansas is admitted into the Union as the 34th state.
1865William Quantrill and his Confederate raiders attack Danville, Kentucky.
1918The Supreme Allied Council meets at Versailles.
1926Violette Neatley Anderson becomes the first African-American woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
1929The Seeing Eye, America’s first school for training dogs to guide the blind, founded in Nashville, Tennessee.
1931Winston Churchill resigns as Stanley Baldwin’s aide.
1942German and Italian troops take Benghazi in North Africa.
1944The world’s greatest warship, Missouri, is launched.
1950Riots break out in Johannesburg, South Africa, over the policy of Apartheid.
1967Thirty-seven civilians are killed by a U.S. helicopter attack in Vietnam.
1979President Jimmy Carter commutes the sentence of Patty Hearst.
1984President Ronald Reagan announces that he will run for a second term.
1984The Soviets issue a formal complaint against alleged U.S. arms treaty violations.
1991Iraqi forces attack into Saudi Arabian town of Kafji, but are turned back by Coalition forces.

Born on January 29
1737Thomas Paine, political essayist (The Rights of ManThe Age of Reason).
1843William McKinley, 25th President of the United States.
1880W.C. Fields, comedian and actor (David CopperfieldMy Little Chickadee).

Thursday, January 28, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 28

Image result for Jose Marti
Jose Marti
January 28
28The Roman Emperor Nerva names Trajan, an army general, as his successor.
1547Henry VIII of England dies and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Edward VI.
1757Ahmed Shah, the first King of Afghanistan, occupies Delhi and annexes the Punjab.
1792Rebellious slaves in Santo Domingo launch an attack on the city of Cap.
1871Surrounded by Prussian troops and suffering from famine, the French army in Paris surrenders. During the siege, balloons were used to keep contact with the outside world.
1915The U.S. Coast Guard is founded to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
1915The German navy attacks the U.S. freighter William P. Frye, loaded with wheat for Britain.
1921Albert Einstein startles Berlin by suggesting the possibility of measuring the universe.
1932The Japanese attack Shanghai, China, and declare martial law.
1936A fellow prison inmate slashes infamous kidnapper, Richard Loeb, to death.
1941French General Charles DeGaulle‘s Free French forces sack south Libya oasis.
1945Chiang Kai-shek renames the Ledo-Burma Road the Stilwell Road, in honor of General Joseph Stilwell.
1955The U.S. Congress passes a bill allowing mobilization of troops if China should attack Taiwan.
1964The Soviets down a U.S. jet over East Germany killing three.
1970Israeli fighter jets attack the suburbs of Cairo.
1986The space shuttle Challenger explodes just after liftoff.

Born on January 28
1693Anna “Ivanovna”, Tsarina of Russia.
1706John Baskerville, inventor of the “hot-pressing” method of printing.
1853Jose Marti, Cuban poet and journalist, known as the “Apostle of the Cuban Revolution.”
1912Jackson Pollock, influential abstract expressionist painter.

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 27

January 27
1695Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Amhed II.
1825Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
1862President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.
1900Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels.
1905Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties.
1916President Woodrow Wilson opens preparedness program.
1918Communists attempt to seize power in Finland.
1924Lenin’s body is laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.
1935A League of Nations majority favors depriving Japan of mandates.
1939President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.
1941The United States and Great Britain begin high-level military talks in Washington.
1943The first U.S. raids on the Reich blast Wilhelmshaven base and Emden.
1959NASA selects 110 candidates for the first U.S. space flight.
1965Military leaders oust the civilian government of Tran Van Huong in Saigon.
1967Three astronauts are killed in a flash fire that engulfed their Apollo 1 spacecraft.
1973A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam.
1978The State Supreme Court rules that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.
1985Pope John Paul says mass to one million in Venezuela.

Born on January 27
1756Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian musical genius and composer whose works included The Marriage of Figaro and The Magic Flute.
1850Samuel Gompers, first President of American Federation of Labor.
1859Kaiser Wilhelm II, emperor who ruled Germany during World War I but was forced to abdicate in 1918.
1900Hyman Rickover, American admiral who is considered the “Father of the Atomic Submarine.”

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

What Happened This Day In History- January 26

Condoleezza Rice
January 26
1699The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks.
1720Guilio Alberoni is ordered out of Spain after his abortive attempt to restore his country’s empire.
1788A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia’s national day.
1861Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1863President Lincoln names General Joseph Hooker to replace Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
1875Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, kill his 18-year-old half-brother and seriously injure his mother with a bomb.
1885General “Chinese” Gordon is killed on the palace steps in Khartoum by Sudanese Mahdists in Africa.
1924Petrograd is renamed Leningrad.
1934Germany signs a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland, breaking the French alliance system.
1942American Expeditionary Force lands in Northern Ireland.
1943The first OSS (Office of Strategic Services) agent parachutes behind Japanese lines in Burma.
1964Eighty-four people are arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta.
1969California is declared a disaster area after two days of flooding and mud slides.
2005Condoleezza Rice is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in an U.S. presidential cabinet.

Born on January 26
1715Claude Helvétius, French philosopher.
1826Julia Dent Grant, wife of Ulysses S. Grant.
1880Douglas MacArthur, U.S. general in World War IWorld War II and Korea.
1893Bessie Coleman, pioneer aviator.
1944Angela Davis, American activist.

Monday, January 25, 2016

What Happened This Day In History- January 25

January 25
1533Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn.
1787Small farmers in Springfield, Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays, revolt against tax laws. Federal troops break up the protesters of what becomes known as Shay’s Rebellion.
1846The dreaded Corn Laws, which taxed imported oats, wheat and barley, are repealed by the British Parliament.
1904Two-hundred coal miners are trapped in their Pennsylvania mine after an explosion.
1915Alexander Graham Bell in New York and Thomas Watson in San Francisco make a record telephone transmission.
1918Austria and Germany reject U.S. peace proposals.
1919The League of Nations plan is adopted by the Allies.
1929Members of the New York Stock Exchange ask for an additional 275 seats.
1930New York police rout a Communist rally at the Town Hall.
1943The last German airfield in Stalingrad is captured by the Red Army.
1949Axis Sally, who broadcasted Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe, stands trial in the United States for war crimes.
1951The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea launches Operation Thunderbolt, a counter attack to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River.
1955Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years.
1956Khrushchev says that he believes that Eisenhower is sincere in his efforts to abolish war.
1959American Airlines begins its first coast-to-coast flight service on a Boeing 707.
1972Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announces candidacy for president.
1972Nixon airs the eight-point peace plan for Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal.
1984President Reagan endorses the development of the first U.S. permanently-manned space station.

Born on January 25
1759Robert Burns, Scottish poet (“Auld Lang Syne,” “Comin’ Thru the Rye.”)
1882Virginia Woolf, English author (Mrs. Dalloway and Orlando).
1933Corazon Aquino, president of the Philippines.

Sunday, January 24, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 24

January 24
41Shortly after declaring himself a god, Caligula is assassinated by two Praetorian tribunes.
1458Matthias Corvinus, the son of John Hunyadi, is elected king of Hungary.
1639Representatives from three Connecticut towns band together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.
1722Czar Peter the Great caps his reforms in Russia with the “Table of Rank” which decrees a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions.
1848Gold is discovered by James Wilson Marshall at his partner Johann August Sutter’s sawmill on the South Fork of the American River, near Coloma, California.
1903U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.
1911U.S. Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.
1915The German cruiser Blücher is sunk by a British squadron in the Battle of Dogger Bank.
1927British expeditionary force of 12,000 is sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.
1931The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.
1945A German attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest is finally halted by the Soviets.
1946The UN establishes the International Atomic Energy Commission.
1951Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea.
1965Winston Churchill dies from a cerebral thrombosis at the age of 90.
1980In a rebuff to the Soviets, the U.S. announces intentions to sell arms to China.
1982A draft of Air Force history reports that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.

Born on January 24
1712Frederick II (the Great), King of Prussia, noted for his social reforms and leading Prussia in military victories.
1732Pierre de Beaumarchais, French dramatist (The Barber of SevilleThe Marriage of Figaro).
1862Edith Wharton, U.S. novelist who wrote Ethan Frome and The Age of Innocence.

Saturday, January 23, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 23

January 23
1901A great fire ravages Montreal, resulting in $2.5 million in property lost.
1913The “Young Turks” revolt because they are angered by the concessions made at the London peace talks.
1932Franklin D. Roosevelt enters the presidential race.
1948The Soviets refuse UN entry into North Korea to administer elections.
1949The Communist Chinese forces begin their advance on Nanking.
1950Jerusalem becomes the official capital of Israel.
1951President Truman creates the Commission on Internal Security and Individual Rights, to monitor the anti-Communist campaign.
1969NASA unveils moon-landing craft.
1973President Richard Nixon claims that Vietnam peace has been reached in Paris and that the POWs would be home in 60 days.
1977Alex Haley’s Roots begins a record-breaking eight-night broadcast on ABC.
1981Under international pressure, opposition leader Kim Dae Jung’s death sentence is commuted to life imprisonment in Seoul.
1986U.S. begins maneuvers off the Libyan coast.
Born on January 23
1832Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter best known for Luncheon in the Grass.
1899Humphrey Bogart, U.S. film actor (The African QueenCasablancaThe Maltese Falcon).
1919Ernie Kovacs, U.S. comedian and television personality.
1957Princess Caroline of Monaco.

Friday, January 22, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 22

January 22
1689England’s “Bloodless Revolution” reaches its climax when parliament invites William and Mary to become joint sovereigns.
1807President Thomas Jefferson exposes a plot by Aaron Burr to form a new republic in the Southwest.
1813During the War of 1812, British forces under Henry Proctor defeat a U.S. contingent planning an attack on Fort Detroit.
1824A British force is wiped out by an Asante army under Osei Bonsu on the African Gold Coast. This is the first defeat for a colonial power.
1863In an attempt to out flank Robert E. Lee‘s Army of Northern Virginia, GeneralAmbrose Burnside leads his army on a march to north Fredericksburg, but foul weather bogs his army down in what will become known as the “Mud March.”
1879Eighty-two British soldiers hold off attacks by 4,000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rorke’s Drift in South Africa.
1905Russian troops fire on civilians beginning Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg.
1912Second Monte Carlo auto race begins.
1913Turkey consents to the Balkan peace terms and gives up Adrianople.
1930Admiral Richard Byrd charts a vast area of Antarctica.
1932Government troops crush a Communist uprising in Northern Spain.
1939A Nazi order erases the old officer caste, tying the army directly to the Party.
1943Axis forces pull out of Tripoli for Tunisia, destroying bases as they leave.
1944U.S. troops under Major General John P. Lucas make an amphibious landing behind German lines at Anzio, Italy, just south of Rome.
1971Communist forces shell Phnom Penh, Cambodia, for the first time.
1979Abu Hassan, the alleged planner of the 1972 Munich raid, is killed by a bomb in Beirut.
1982President Ronald Reagan formally links progress in arms control to Soviet repression in Poland.

Born on January 22
1440Ivan III (the Great), grand prince of Russia.
1561Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher, statesman, essayist (The Advancement of Learning).
1788Lord George Byron, English romantic poet (“Lara,” “Don Juan.”)
1874D.W. [David Wark] Griffith, influential U.S. film director (The Birth of A Nation,Intolerance).
1890Fred Vinson, Thirteenth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1906Willa Brown-Chappell, pioneer aviator.