Monday, May 18, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 18

Today in History
May 18

526 St. John I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1643 Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, is granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king's will.
1652 A law is passed in Rhode Island banning slavery in the colonies but it causes little stir and seems unlikely to be enforced.
1792 Russian troops invade Poland.
1802 Britain declares war on France.
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the Emperor of France.
1828 The Battle of Las Piedras, between Uruguay and Brazil, ends.
1860 Abraham Lincoln is nominated for president.
1864 The fighting at Spotsylvania in Virginia, reaches its peak at the Bloody Angle.
1896 The Supreme Court's decision on Plessy v. Ferguson upholds the "separate but equal" policy in the United States.
1904 Brigand Raizuli kidnaps American Ion H. Perdicaris in Morocco.
1917 The U.S. Congress passes the Selective Service act, calling up soldiers to fight World War I.
1931 Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashes his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He is picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Tennessee Valley Authority Act.
1942 New York ends night baseball games for the rest of World War II.
1944 The Allies finally capture Monte Cassino in Italy.
1951 The United Nations moves its headquarters to New York city.
1969 Two battalions of the 101st Airborne Division assault Hill 937 but cannot reach the top because of muddy conditions.
1974 India becomes sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb.
1980 After rumbling for two months, Mount Saint Helens, in Washington, erupts 3 times in 24 hours.

Born on May 18
1836 Wilhelm Steinitz, chess champion.
1868 Nicholas II, the last Russian czar.
1872 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician, philosopher and social reformer.
1897 Frank Capra, film director (It's A Wonderful Life).
1902 Meredith Willson, composer and lyricist (The Music Man).
1911 Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner, blues singer.
1918 John Paul II [Karol Jozef Wojtyla], Roman Catholic pope.
1919 Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer

Friday, May 15, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 15

Today in History
May 15

756 Abd-al-Rahman is proclaimed emir of Cordoba, Spain.
1213 King John submits to the Pope, offering to make England and Ireland papal fiefs. Pope Innocent III lifts the interdict of 1208.
1602 English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold discovers Cape Cod.
1614 An aristocratic uprising in France ends with treaty of St. Menehould.
1618 Johannes Kepler discovers his harmonics law.
1702 The War of Spanish Succession begins.
1730 Following the resignation of Lord Townshend, Robert Walpole becomes the sole minister in the English cabinet.
1768 By the Treaty of Versailles, France purchases Corsica from Genoa.
1795 Napoleon enters the Lombardian capital of Milan in triumph.
1820 The U.S. Congress designates the slave trade a form of piracy.
1849 Neapolitan troops enter Palermo, Sicily.
1862 The Union ironclad Monitor and the gunboat Galena fire on Confederate troops at the Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia.
1864 At the Battle of New Market, Virginia Military Institute cadets repel a Union attack.
1886 Emily Dickinson dies in Amherst, Mass., where she had lived in seclusion for the previous 24 years.
1916 U.S. Marines land in Santo Domingo to quell civil disorder.
1918 Pfc. Henry Johnson and Pfc. Needham Roberts receive the Croix de Guerre for their services in World War I. They are the first Americans to win France's highest military medal.
1930 Ellen Church becomes the first airline stewardess.
1942 The United States begins rationing gasoline.
1958 Sputnik III is launched by the Soviet Union.
1963 The last Project Mercury space flight, carrying Gordon Cooper, is launched.
1968 U.S. Marines relieve army troops in Nhi Ha, South Vietnam after a fourteen-day battle.
1972 George Wallace is shot by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland.
1975 The merchant ship Mayaguez is recaptured from Cambodia's Khmer Rouge.
1988 Soviets forces begin their withdrawal from Afghanistan.

Born on May 15
1773 Prince Clemens Von Metternich, Chancellor of Austria.
1856 Lyman Frank Baum, author (The Wonderful Wizard of Oz).
1858 Emily Folger, Shakespeare scholar.
1859 Pierre Curie, physicist.
1860 Ellen Louise Axson Wilson, first wife of President Woodrow Wilson.
1890 Katherine Anne Porter, novelist (Ship of Fools).
1891 Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian novelist (Notes of a Dead ManHeart of a Dog).
1902 Richard Daley, mayor of Chicago through the 1960s and early 1970's.
1923 Richard Avedon, photographer.
1926 Anthony Shaffer, English playwright (Sleuth), twin brother of Peter Shaffer.
1926 Peter Shaffer, English playwright (EquusAmadeus), twin brother of Anthony Shaffer.
1930 Jasper Johns, Jr., painter, leader of the Pop Art movement.

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Thursday, May 14, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 14

Today in History
May 14

1264 King Henry III is captured by his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort, at the Battle of Lewes.
1509 At the Battle of Agnadello, the French defeat the Venitians in Northern Italy.
1610 French King Henri IV (Henri de Navarre) is assassinated by Fran├žois Ravillac, a fanatical monk.
1796 English physician Edward Jenner gives the first successful smallpox vaccination.
1804 Explorer William Clark sets off from St. Louis, Missouri.
1853 Gail Borden applies for a patent for condensed milk.
1863 Union General Nathanial Banks heads towards Port Hudson along the Mississippi River.
1897 Guglielmo Marconi sends first communication by wireless telegraph.
1897 "Stars and Stripes Forever" by John Phillip Sousa is performed for the first time in Philadelphia.
1935 A plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies an independence agreement.
1940 Holland surrenders to Germany.
1942 The British Army, in retreat from Burma, reach India.
1948 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion establishes the State of Israel.
1961 A bus carrying black and white civil rights activists is bombed and burned in Alabama.
1969 Three companies of the 101st Airborne Division fail to push North Vietnamese forces off Hill 937 in South Vietnam.
1973 The U.S. space station Skylab is launched.
1991 In South Africa, Winnie Mandela is sentenced to six years in prison for her part in the kidnapping and beating of three black youths and the death of a fourth.

Born on May 14
1533 Margaret of Valois, queen consort of Navarre.
1686 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, German physicist, instrument maker, inventor of the thermometer.
1727 Thomas Gainsborough, painter ("Blue Boy").
1771 Thomas Wedgwood, English physicist, photography pioneer.
1897 Sidney Bechet, jazz clarinetist and soprano saxaphone player.
1933 Richard P. Brickner, novelist (The Broken Year).
1944 George Lucas, film director and producer (Star Wars).
1946 Robert Jarvik, American physician

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 13

Today in History
May 13

1607 English colonists land near the James River in Virginia.
1648 Margaret Jones of Plymouth is found guilty of witchcraft and is sentenced to be hanged.
1779 The War of Bavarian Succession ends.
1846 The United States declares war on Mexico after fighting has already begun.
1861 Britain declares its neutrality in the American Civil War.
1864 The Battle of Resaca commences as Union General Sherman fights towards Atlanta.
1888 Slavery is abolished in Brazil.
1912 The Royal Flying Corps is established in England.
1913 Igor Sikorsky flies the first four-engine aircraft.
1944 Allied forces in Italy break through the German Gustav Line into the Liri Valley.
1958 French troops take control of Algiers.
1968 Peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam begin in Paris.
1981 Pope John Paul II survives an assassination attempt.

Born on May 13
1729 Henry William Stiegel, early American glassmaker.
1842 Sir Arthur Sullivan, composer, collaborator with W.S. Gilbert.
1857 Ronald Ross, bacteriologist.
1907 Daphne du Maurier, author (Rebecca).
1912 Gil Evans, jazz pianist and composer.
1914 Joe Louis, world heavyweight boxing champion from 1937 to 1949.
1940 Bruce Chatwin, travel writer (Patagonia).

1958 BRENDA AURORA VERNA YSAGUIRRE, poet, author, blogger, educator, co-founder of SUPERMAMA, a Non Profit Organization

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 12

Today in History
May 12
254 St. Stephen I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
1588 King Henry III flees Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly enters the city.
1641 The chief advisor to Charles I, Thomas Wentworth, is beheaded in the Tower of London
1780 Charleston, South Carolina falls to British forces.
1851 The Tule River War ends.
1863 With a victory at the Battle of Raymond, Mississippi, Union General Ulysses S. Grant closes in on Vicksburg.
1864 Union General Benjamin Butler attacks Drewry's Bluff on the James River.
1865 The last land battle of the Civil war occurs at Palmito Ranch, Texas. It is a Confederate victory.
1881 Tunisia, in North Africa become a French protectorate.
1885 In the Battle of Batoche, French Canadians rebel against the Canadian government.
1926 The Airship Norge becomes the first vessel to fly over the North Pole.
1932 The body of Charles Lindbergh's baby is found.
1935 Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by "Bill W.," a stockbroker, and "Dr. Bob S.," a heart surgeon.
1940 The Nazi conquest of France begins with the crossing Muese River.
1942 The Soviet Army launches its first major offensive of the war, taking Kharkov in the eastern Ukraine.
1943 Axis forces in North Africa surrender.
1949 The Berlin Blockade ends.
1969 Viet Cong sappers try unsuccessfully to overrun Landing Zone Snoopy in Vietnam.
1975 The U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez is seized by Cambodian forces.

Born on May 12
1812 Edward Lear, poet, painter and the youngest of 21 children.
1816 Edmund Beckett Grimthorpe, lawyer and architect.
1820 Florence Nightingale, English nurse and hospital reformer.
1828 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter.
1907 Katherine Hepburn, actress (The Philadelphia StoryThe African Queen).
1915 Mary Kay Ash, founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics.
1921 Farley Mowat, Canadian nature writer (Never Cry Wolf).
1925 Yogi Berra (Lawrence Peter Berra), baseball player and coach.
1933 Andrey Andreyevich Voznesensky, Russian poet.
1936 Tom Snyder, newscaster and television host.
1936 Frank Stella, painter.

Monday, May 11, 2015

What Happened This Day In History - May 11

Today in History
May 11

1573 Henry of Anjou becomes the first elected king of Poland.
1689 French and English navies battle at Bantry Bay.
1690 In the first major engagement of King William's War, British troops from Massachusetts seize Port Royal in Acadia (Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) from the French.
1745 French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army at Fontenoy.
1792 The Columbia River is discovered by Captain Robert Gray.
1812 British prime Minster Spencer Perceval is shot by a bankrupt banker in the lobby of the House of Commons.
1857 Indian mutineers seize Delhi.
1858 Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi lands at Marsala, Sicily.
1862 Confederates scuttle the CSS Virginia off Norfolk, Virginia.
1864 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern.
1960 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires.
1967 The siege of Khe Sanh ends, the base is still in American hands.

Born on May 11
1885 "King" Joseph Oliver, jazz cornetist and bandleader.
1888 Irving Berlin, composer, writer of over 1,500 songs.
1894 Mari Sandoz, writer and biographer (Crazy Horse).
1895 William Grant Still, American composer and conductor.
1904 Salvador Dali, surrealist painter.
1912 Phil Silvers, comedian and actor.
1918 Richard Feynman, theoretical physicist.
1930 Stanley Elkin, author (George Mills).
1933 Louis Farrakhan, American religious leader.