Sunday, April 19, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 19

1539 Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.
1689 Residents of Boston oust their governor, Edmond Andros.
1764 The English Parliament bans the American colonies from printing paper money.
1775 The American Revolution begins as fighting breaks out at Lexington, Massachusetts.
1782 The Netherlands recognizes the United States.
1794 Tadeusz Kosciuszko forces the Russians out of Warsaw.
1802 The Spanish reopen New Orleans port to American merchants.
1824 English poet Lord Byron dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence.
1861 The Baltimore riots result in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.
1861 President Lincoln orders a blockade of Confederate ports.
1880 The Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner.
1927 In China, Hankow communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek.
1934 Shirley Temple appears in her first movie.
1938 General Francisco Franco declares victory in the Spanish Civil War.
1939 Connecticut finally approves the Bill of Rights.
1943 The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule begins.
1960 Baseball uniforms begin displaying player's names on their backs.
1971 Russia launches its first Salyut space station.
1977 Alex Haley receives a special Pulitzer Prize for his book Roots.
1982 NASA names Sally Ride to be the first woman astronaut.
1989 The battleship USS Iowa's number 2 turret explodes, killing sailors.
1993 The FBI ends a 51-day siege by storming the Branch Dividian religious cult headquarters in Waco, Texas.
1995 A truck bomb explodes in front of the federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.


Born on April 19
1666 Sarah Kembel Knight, diarist.
1721 Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1832 Lucretia Rudolph, President Garfield's first lady.
1877 Ole Evinrude, inventor of the first successful outboard motor.
1900 Richard Hughes, English novelist and playwright (A High Wind in Jamaica).
1903 Eliot Ness, Treasury agent during Prohibition.
1905 Tom Hopkinson, British writer.
1912 Glenn T. Seaborg, physicist.
1933 Etheridge Knight, poet.

Saturday, April 18, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 18

310 St. Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
1521 Martin Luther confronts the emperor Charles V, refusing to retract the views which led to his excommunication.
1676 Sudbury, Massachusetts is attacked by Indians.
1775 American revolutionaries Paul Revere and William Dawes ride though the towns of Massachusetts warning that "the British are coming."
1791 National Guardsmen prevent Louis XVI and his family from leaving Paris.
1818 A regiment of Indians and blacks is defeated at the Battle of Suwanna, in Florida, ending the first Seminole War.
1834 William Lamb becomes prime minister of England.
1838 The Wilkes' expedition to the South Pole sets sail.
1847 U.S. forces defeat Mexicans at Cerro Gordo in one of the bloodiest battle of the war.
1853 The first train in Asia begins running from Bombay to Tanna.
1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down an offer to command the Union armies.
1885 The Sino-Japanese war ends.
1906 massive earthquake hits San Francisco, measuring 8.25 on the Richter scale.
1923 Yankee Stadium opens with Babe Ruth hitting a three-run homer as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1.
1937 Leon Trotsky calls for the overthrow of Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
1942 James H. Doolittle bombs Tokyo and other Japanese cities.
1943 Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the mastermind of the attack on Pearl Harbor, is shot down by American P-38 fighters.
1946 The League of Nations dissolves.
1949 The Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth.
1950 The first transatlantic jet passenger trip is completed.
1954 Colonel Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
1978 The U.S. Senate approves the transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama.
1980 Zimbabwe's (Rhodesia) formal independence from Britain is proclaimed.
1983 A suicide bomber kills U.S. Marines at the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon.


Born on April 18
1480 Lucretia Borgia, daughter of Pope Alexander VI and a patron of the arts.
1817 George Henry Lewes, philosophical writer.
1857 Clarence S. Darrow, lawyer.
1864 Richard Harding Davis, journalist.
1918 Clifton Keith Hillegass, founder of the study guides known as Cliff's Notes.
1940 Ed Garvey, labor leader.

Friday, April 17, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 17

858 Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1492 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with Spain to find a western route to the Indies.
1521 Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
1524 Present-day New York Harbor is discovered by Giovanni Verrazano.
1535 Antonio Mendoza is appointed first viceroy of New Spain.
1758 Frances Williams, the first African-American to graduate for a college in the western hemisphere, publishes a collection of Latin poems.
1808 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of U.S. ships.
1824 Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54' 40'.
1861 Virginia become eighth state to secede from the Union.
1864 General Grant bans the trading of prisoners.
1865 Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in the Lincoln assassination.
1875 The game "snooker" is invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.
1895 China and Japan sign peace treaty of Shimonoseki.
1929 Baseball player Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgeson, a former member of the Ziegfield Follies, get married.
1946 The last French troops leave Syria.
1947 Jackie Robinson bunts for his first major league hit.
1961 Some 1,400 Cuban exiles attack the Bay of Pigs in an attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro.
1964 Jerrie Mock becomes first woman to fly solo around the world.
1969 Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1970 Apollo 13–originaly scheduled to land on the moon–lands back safely on Earth after an accident.
1975 Khmer Rouge forces capture the capital of Cambodia, Phnom Penh.
1983 In Warsaw, police rout 1,000 Solidarity supporters.


Born on April 17
1622 Henry Vaughan, poet
1676 Frederick I, king of Sweden
1741 Samuel Chase, signer of the Declaration of Independence
1820 Alexander Cartwright, sportsman, developed baseball.
1866 Ernest Henry Starling, British physiologist.
1885 Isak Dinesen (Karen Dinesen), Danish writer (Out of Africa).
1894 Nikita S. Khrushchev, Soviet premier (1958-64).
1897 Thornton Wilder, novelist and playwright (Our Town).
1923 Harry Reasoner, American broadcast journalist.
1928 Cynthia Ozick, writer (The Cannibal GalaxyThe Messiah of Stockholm).

Thursday, April 16, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 16

69 Defeated by Vitellius' troops at Bedriacum, Otho commits suicide.
556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
1065 The Norman Robert Guiscard takes Bari, ending five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy.
1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton.
1746 Prince Charles is defeated at the battle of Culloden, the last pitched battle fought in Britain.
1818 The U.S. Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border.
1854 San Salvador is destroyed by an earthquake.
1862 Confederate President Jefferson Davis approves a conscription act for white males between 18 and 35.
1862 Slavery is abolished in the District of Columbia.
1917 Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution.
1922 Annie Oakley shoots 100 clay targets in a row, setting a woman's record.
1942 The Island of Malta is awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. It was the first such award given to any part of the British Commonwealth.
1944 The destroyer USS Laffey survives horrific damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa.
1945 American troops enter Nuremberg, Germany.
1947 A lens which provides zoom effects is demonstrated in New York City.
1968 The Pentagon announces the "Vietnamization" of the war.
1972 Two giants pandas arrive in the U.S. from China.
1977 The ban on women attending West Point is lifted.


Born on April 16
1660 Hans Sloane, physician, naturalist, founder of the British Museum.
1728 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist.
1786 Sir John Franklin, arctic explorer.
1800 George Charles Bingham, British soldier, commanded the Light Brigade during the famous charge.
1844 Anatole France, French writer.
1850 Thomas Sidney Gilchrist, British metallurgist and inventor.
1864 Flora Batson, African-American soprano-baritone singer.
1867 Wilbur Wright, designer, builder and flyer of the first airplane.
1871 John Millington Synge, dramatist and poet (Playboy of the Western World).
1889 Charlie Chaplin, film actor and director.
1919 Merce Cuningham, American dancer and choreographer.
1922 Kingsley Amis, British author (Lucky Jim).
1924 Henry Mancini, composer and conductor ("Moon River").
1947 Lew Alcinder (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar), professional basketball player.

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 15

1755 English lexicographer Dr. Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language.
1784 The first balloon is flown in Ireland.
1813 U.S. troops under James Wilkinson siege the Spanish-held city of Mobile in future state of Alabama.
1858 At the Battle of Azimghur, the Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists.
1871 'Wild Bill' Hickok becomes the marshal of Abilene, Kansas.
1861 President Lincoln mobilizes Federal army.
1865 Abraham Lincoln dies from John Wilkes Booth's assassination bullet.
1912 With her band playing on the deck, the ocean liner Titanic sinks at 2:27 a.m. in the North Atlantic.
1917 British forces defeat the Germans at the battle of Arras.
1919 British troops kill 400 Indians at Amritsar, India.
1923 Insulin becomes generally available for people suffering with diabetes.
1923 The first sound films shown to a paying audience are exhibited at the Rialto Theater in New York City.
1940 French and British troops land at Narvik, Norway.
1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt is buried on the grounds of his Hyde Park home.
1948 Arab forces are defeated in battle with Israeli forces.
1952 President Harry Truman signs the official Japanese peace treaty.
1955 Ray Kroc starts the McDonald's chain of fast food restaurants.
1959 Cuban leader Fidel Castro begins a U.S. goodwill tour.
1960 The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organizes at Shaw University.
1971 North Vietnamese troops ambush a company of Delta Raiders from the 101st Airborne Division near Fire Support Base Bastogne in Vietnam. The American troops were on a rescue mission.
1986 U.S. warplanes attack Libya.


Born on April 15
1452 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary
1684 Catherine I, empress of Russia
1741 Charles Wilson Peale, portrait painter and inventor
1800 Sir James Clark Ross, Scottish explorer who located the Magnetic North Pole.
1832 Wilhelm Busch, German painter and poet, created the precursor to the comic strip.
1843 Henry James, writer and critic.
1874 George Harrison Shull, American botanist, developer of hybrid corn.
1874 Johannes Stark, Novel Prize-winning German physicist.
1880 Max Wertheimer, Czech-born psychologist.
1889 Thomas Hart Benton, painter, muralist.
1889 Asa Phillip Randolph, American labor leader and Civil Rights advocate.
1898 Bessie Smith, American blues singer.
1904 Arshile Gorky, abstract painter.
1922 Harold Washington, first black mayor of Chicago
1922 Neville Mariner, conductor.
1932 Eva Figes, British novelist.
1940 Jeffrey Archer, English novelist and politician (Kane and AbelHonor Among Thieves).

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

What Happened This Day In History... April 14

1471 The Earl of Warwick, who fought on both sides in the War of the Roses, is killed at the Battle of Barnet with the defeat of the Lancastrians.
1543 Bartoleme Ferrelo returns to Spain after discovering a large bay in the New World (San Francisco).
1775 The first abolitionist society in United States is organized in Philadelphia.
1793 A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo is crushed by French republican troops.
1828 The first edition of Noah Webster's dictionary is published.
1860 The first Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, Missouri.
1865 President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth.
1894 Thomas Edison's kinetoscope is shown to the public for the first time.
1900 The World Exposition opens in Paris.
1912 The passenger liner Titanic–deemed unsinkable–strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and begins to sink. The ship will go under the next day with a loss of 1,500 lives.
1931 King Alfonso XIII of Spain is overthrown.
1945 American B-29 bombers's damage the Imperial Palace during firebombing raid over Tokyo.
1953 The Viet Minh invade Laos with 40,00 troops in their war against French colonial forces.
1959 The Taft Memorial Bell Tower is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1961 The first live broadcast is televised from the Soviet Union.
1969 The first major league baseball game is played in Montreal, Canada.
1981 America's first space shuttle, Columbia, returns to Earth.
Born on April 14
1578 Philip III, king of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621).
1629 Christian Huygens, Dutch astronomer.
1866 Anne Mansfield Sullivan, teacher who educated Helen Keller.
1889 Arnold Toynbee, English historian.
1898 Harold Black, electrical engineer.
1904 Sir John Gielgud, British actor.

Monday, April 13, 2015

What Happened This Day In History ... April 13

1598 The Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots.
1775 Lord North extends the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbids trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Union-held Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates.
1865 Union forces under Gen. Sherman begin their devastating march through Georgia.
1902 J.C. Penny opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
1919 British forces kill hundreds of Indian nationalists in the Amritsar Massacre.
1933 The first flight over Mount Everest is completed by Lord Clydesdale.
1941 German troops capture Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Jefferson Memorial.
1945 Vienna falls to Soviet troops.
1960 The first navigational satellite is launched into Earth's orbit.
1961 The U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa because of apartheid.
1964 Sidney Poitier becomes the first black to win an Oscar for best actor.
1970 An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, preventing a planned moon landing and jeopardizing the lives of the three-man crew.
1976 The U.S. Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes.
1979 The world's longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours.


Born on April 13
1721 John Hanson, first U.S. President under the Articles of Confederation.
1732 Frederick Lord North, British prime minister (1770-82).
1743 Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States (1801-09)
1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American retailer.
1866 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American outlaw and leader of the Wild Bunch.
1899 Alfred Butts, inventor of the board game Scrabble.
1906 Samuel Beckett, playwright, Nobel Prize winner (Waiting for Godot).
1909 Eudora Welty, Southern writer (Delta WeddingThe Optimist's Daughter).
1922 John Gerard Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top).
1939 Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, Nobel laureate.