Sunday, January 31, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 31

January 31
1606Guy Fawkes is hanged, drawn and quartered for his part in the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to blow up Parliament.
1620Virginia colony leaders write to the Virginia Company in England, asking for more orphaned apprentices for employment.
1788The Young Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart dies.
1835A man with two pistols misfires at President Andrew Jackson at the White House.
1865House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishingslavery.
1911The German Reichstag exempts royal families from tax obligations.
1915Germans use poison gas on the Russians at Bolimov.
1915German U-boats sink two British steamers in the English Channel.
1916President Woodrow Wilson refuses the compromise on Lusitaniareparations.
1917Germany resumes unlimited sub warfare, warning that all neutral ships that are in the war zone will be attacked.
1935The Soviet premier tells Japan to get out of Manchuria.
1943The Battle of Stalingrad ends as small groups of German soldiers of the Sixth Army surrender to the victorious Red Army forces.
1944U.S. troops under Vice Adm. Spruance land on Kwajalien atoll in the Marshall Islands.
1950Paris protests the Soviet recognition of Ho Chi Minh‘s Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1966U.S. planes resume bombing of North Vietnam after a 37-day pause.
1968In Vietnam, the Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers attack strategic and civilian locations throughout South Vietnam.
1976Ernesto Miranda, famous from the Supreme Court ruling on Miranda vs. Arizona is stabbed to death.
1981Lech Walesa announces an accord in Poland, giving Saturdays off to laborers.

Born on January 31
1734Robert Morris, signatory of the Declaration of Independence.
1797Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (C Major SymphonyThe Unfinished Symphony).
1919Jackie Robinson, first African-American baseball player in the modern major leagues.
1925Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader.

Friday, January 29, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 30

January 30
1649Charles I of England is beheaded at Whitehall by the executioner Richard Brandon.
1844Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University.
1862The USS Monitor is launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.
1901Women Prohibitionists smash 12 saloons in Kansas.
1912The British House of Lords opposes the House of Commons by rejecting home rule for Ireland.
1931The United States awards civil government to the Virgin Islands.
1933Adolf Hitler is named Chancellor by President Paul Hindenburg.
1936Governor Harold Hoffman orders a new inquiry into the Lindbergh kidnapping.
1943Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus surrenders himself and his staff to Red Army troops in Stalingrad.
1945The Allies launch a drive on the Siegfried line in Germany.
1949In India, 100,000 people pray at the site of Gandhi’s assassination on the first anniversary of his death.
1953President Dwight Eisenhower announces that he will pull the Seventh Fleet out of Formosa to permit the Nationalists to attack Communist China.
1964The Ranger spacecraft, equipped with six TV cameras, is launched to the moon from Cape Canaveral.
1972British troops shoot dead 14 Irish civilians in Derry, Ireland. The day is forever remembered in Ireland as ‘Bloody Sunday.’
1976The U.S. Supreme Court bans spending limits in campaigns, equating funds with freedom of speech.
1980The first-ever Chinese Olympic team arrives in New York for the Winter Games at Lake
Placid.

Born on January 30
1882Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States.
1885John Henry Towers, American naval aviation pioneer.
1912Barbara Tuchman, U.S. historian (The Guns of August).

What Happened This Day In History - January 29

January 29
1813Jane Austin publishes Pride and Prejudice.
1861Kansas is admitted into the Union as the 34th state.
1865William Quantrill and his Confederate raiders attack Danville, Kentucky.
1918The Supreme Allied Council meets at Versailles.
1926Violette Neatley Anderson becomes the first African-American woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
1929The Seeing Eye, America’s first school for training dogs to guide the blind, founded in Nashville, Tennessee.
1931Winston Churchill resigns as Stanley Baldwin’s aide.
1942German and Italian troops take Benghazi in North Africa.
1944The world’s greatest warship, Missouri, is launched.
1950Riots break out in Johannesburg, South Africa, over the policy of Apartheid.
1967Thirty-seven civilians are killed by a U.S. helicopter attack in Vietnam.
1979President Jimmy Carter commutes the sentence of Patty Hearst.
1984President Ronald Reagan announces that he will run for a second term.
1984The Soviets issue a formal complaint against alleged U.S. arms treaty violations.
1991Iraqi forces attack into Saudi Arabian town of Kafji, but are turned back by Coalition forces.

Born on January 29
1737Thomas Paine, political essayist (The Rights of ManThe Age of Reason).
1843William McKinley, 25th President of the United States.
1880W.C. Fields, comedian and actor (David CopperfieldMy Little Chickadee).

Thursday, January 28, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 28

Image result for Jose Marti
Jose Marti
January 28
28The Roman Emperor Nerva names Trajan, an army general, as his successor.
1547Henry VIII of England dies and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Edward VI.
1757Ahmed Shah, the first King of Afghanistan, occupies Delhi and annexes the Punjab.
1792Rebellious slaves in Santo Domingo launch an attack on the city of Cap.
1871Surrounded by Prussian troops and suffering from famine, the French army in Paris surrenders. During the siege, balloons were used to keep contact with the outside world.
1915The U.S. Coast Guard is founded to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
1915The German navy attacks the U.S. freighter William P. Frye, loaded with wheat for Britain.
1921Albert Einstein startles Berlin by suggesting the possibility of measuring the universe.
1932The Japanese attack Shanghai, China, and declare martial law.
1936A fellow prison inmate slashes infamous kidnapper, Richard Loeb, to death.
1941French General Charles DeGaulle‘s Free French forces sack south Libya oasis.
1945Chiang Kai-shek renames the Ledo-Burma Road the Stilwell Road, in honor of General Joseph Stilwell.
1955The U.S. Congress passes a bill allowing mobilization of troops if China should attack Taiwan.
1964The Soviets down a U.S. jet over East Germany killing three.
1970Israeli fighter jets attack the suburbs of Cairo.
1986The space shuttle Challenger explodes just after liftoff.

Born on January 28
1693Anna “Ivanovna”, Tsarina of Russia.
1706John Baskerville, inventor of the “hot-pressing” method of printing.
1853Jose Marti, Cuban poet and journalist, known as the “Apostle of the Cuban Revolution.”
1912Jackson Pollock, influential abstract expressionist painter.

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

What Happened This Day In History - January 27

January 27
1695Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Amhed II.
1825Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
1862President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.
1900Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels.
1905Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties.
1916President Woodrow Wilson opens preparedness program.
1918Communists attempt to seize power in Finland.
1924Lenin’s body is laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.
1935A League of Nations majority favors depriving Japan of mandates.
1939President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.
1941The United States and Great Britain begin high-level military talks in Washington.
1943The first U.S. raids on the Reich blast Wilhelmshaven base and Emden.
1959NASA selects 110 candidates for the first U.S. space flight.
1965Military leaders oust the civilian government of Tran Van Huong in Saigon.
1967Three astronauts are killed in a flash fire that engulfed their Apollo 1 spacecraft.
1973A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam.
1978The State Supreme Court rules that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.
1985Pope John Paul says mass to one million in Venezuela.

Born on January 27
1756Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian musical genius and composer whose works included The Marriage of Figaro and The Magic Flute.
1850Samuel Gompers, first President of American Federation of Labor.
1859Kaiser Wilhelm II, emperor who ruled Germany during World War I but was forced to abdicate in 1918.
1900Hyman Rickover, American admiral who is considered the “Father of the Atomic Submarine.”

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

What Happened This Day In History- January 26

Condoleezza Rice
January 26
1699The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks.
1720Guilio Alberoni is ordered out of Spain after his abortive attempt to restore his country’s empire.
1788A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia’s national day.
1861Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1863President Lincoln names General Joseph Hooker to replace Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
1875Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, kill his 18-year-old half-brother and seriously injure his mother with a bomb.
1885General “Chinese” Gordon is killed on the palace steps in Khartoum by Sudanese Mahdists in Africa.
1924Petrograd is renamed Leningrad.
1934Germany signs a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland, breaking the French alliance system.
1942American Expeditionary Force lands in Northern Ireland.
1943The first OSS (Office of Strategic Services) agent parachutes behind Japanese lines in Burma.
1964Eighty-four people are arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta.
1969California is declared a disaster area after two days of flooding and mud slides.
2005Condoleezza Rice is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in an U.S. presidential cabinet.

Born on January 26
1715Claude Helvétius, French philosopher.
1826Julia Dent Grant, wife of Ulysses S. Grant.
1880Douglas MacArthur, U.S. general in World War IWorld War II and Korea.
1893Bessie Coleman, pioneer aviator.
1944Angela Davis, American activist.

Monday, January 25, 2016

What Happened This Day In History- January 25

January 25
1533Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn.
1787Small farmers in Springfield, Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays, revolt against tax laws. Federal troops break up the protesters of what becomes known as Shay’s Rebellion.
1846The dreaded Corn Laws, which taxed imported oats, wheat and barley, are repealed by the British Parliament.
1904Two-hundred coal miners are trapped in their Pennsylvania mine after an explosion.
1915Alexander Graham Bell in New York and Thomas Watson in San Francisco make a record telephone transmission.
1918Austria and Germany reject U.S. peace proposals.
1919The League of Nations plan is adopted by the Allies.
1929Members of the New York Stock Exchange ask for an additional 275 seats.
1930New York police rout a Communist rally at the Town Hall.
1943The last German airfield in Stalingrad is captured by the Red Army.
1949Axis Sally, who broadcasted Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe, stands trial in the United States for war crimes.
1951The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea launches Operation Thunderbolt, a counter attack to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River.
1955Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years.
1956Khrushchev says that he believes that Eisenhower is sincere in his efforts to abolish war.
1959American Airlines begins its first coast-to-coast flight service on a Boeing 707.
1972Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announces candidacy for president.
1972Nixon airs the eight-point peace plan for Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal.
1984President Reagan endorses the development of the first U.S. permanently-manned space station.

Born on January 25
1759Robert Burns, Scottish poet (“Auld Lang Syne,” “Comin’ Thru the Rye.”)
1882Virginia Woolf, English author (Mrs. Dalloway and Orlando).
1933Corazon Aquino, president of the Philippines.