Monday, February 8, 2016

What Happened This Day In History = February 8

February 8
1587Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I.
1807At Eylau, Napoleon‘s Marshal Pierre Agureau attacks Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm.
1861Delegates from seceded states adopt a provisional Confederate Constitution.
1862Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside defeat a Confederate defense force at the Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C.
1865Confederate raider William Quantrill and men attack a group of Federal wagons at New Market, Kentucky.
1887Congress passes the Dawes Act, which gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe.
1900British General Buller is beaten at Ladysmith, South Africa as the British flee over the Tugela River.
1904In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disable seven Russian warships.
1910The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated.
1924The gas chamber is used for the first time to execute a murderer.
1942The Japanese land on Singapore.
1943British General Orde Wingate leads a guerrilla force of “Chindits” against the Japanese in Burma.
1952Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after her father, King George VI, dies.
1962The U.S. Defense Department reports the creation of the Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.
1965South Vietnamese bomb the North Vietnamese communications center at Vinh Linh.
1971South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three weeks later in a disaster.
1990CBS television temporarily suspends Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and ant-black remarks in a magazine interview.

Born on February 8
412St. Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople
1820William T. Sherman, Union general in the American Civil War.
1828Jules Verne, French novelist, one of the first writers of science fiction (Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea).
1834Dmitri Ivanovich Medeleyev, Russian chemist, developed the periodic table of elements.
1851Kate (O’Flaherty ) Chopin, novelist, short story writer (The Awakening).
1906Chester F. Carlson, physicist, inventor of xerography, the electrostatic dry-copy process.
1906Henry Roth, writer (Call it Sleep).
1911Elizabeth Bishop, poet.
1926Neal Cassaday, writer, counterculture proponent.
1931James Dean, film actor and 1950s teenage icon (Rebel Without a Cause,East of EdenGiant).
1940Ted Koppel, television journalist.

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