Wednesday, March 18, 2015


Today in History
March 18
37The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
1692William Penn is deprived of his governing powers.
1863Confederate women riot in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.
1865The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
1874Hawaii signs a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.
1881Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Gardens.
1911Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the United States to date.
1913Greek King George I is killed by an assassin. Constantine I is to succeed.
1916On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lose 100,000 men and the Germans lose 20,000.
1917The Germans sink the U.S. ships, City of MemphisVigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.
1922Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.
1939Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.
1942The third military draft begins in the United States.
1943Adolf Hitler calls off the offensive in the Caucasus.
1943American forces take Gafsa in Tunisia.
1944The Russians reach the Rumanian border.
1950Nationalist troops land on the mainland of China and capture Communist-held Sungmen.
1953The Braves baseball team announces that they are moving from Boston to Milwaukee.
1965Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he exits his Voskhod 2 space capsule while in orbit around the Earth.
1969President Richard M. Nixon authorizes Operation Menue, the'secret' bombing of Cambodia.
1970The U.S. Postal Service is paralyzed by the first postal strike.
1971U.S. helicopters airlift 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.
1975South Vietnam abandons most of the Central Highlands to North Vietnamese forces.
1981The United States discloses biological weapons tests in Texas in 1966.
1986Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.
Born on March 18
1782John C. Calhoun, U.S. statesman.
1837Stephen Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States (1885-1889 and 1893-1897), the only U.S. president elected for two nonconsecutive terms.
1842Stephane Mallarme, French symbolist poet.
1858Rudolf Diesel, German engineer who designed the compression-ignition engine.
1869Neville Chamberlin, British Prime Minister (1937-40).
1893Wilfred Owen, World War I poet.
1932John Updike, American poet and novelist.
1936Frederik W. deKlerk, President of the Republic of South Africa.

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