Tuesday, August 19, 2008
HISTORY FOR AUGUST 19
Today is Tuesday, Aug. 19, the 232nd day of 2008 with 134 to follow.
The moon is waning. The morning star is Uranus. The evening stars are Neptune, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Mars and Saturn.
This Day in History, August 19
On August 19th, 1768, St. Isaac's Cathedral was founded in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Other Notable Events, August 19
During the War of 1812, the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeated the British frigate Guerriere in a furious engagement off the coast of Nova Scotia and earned its nickname of "Old Ironsides." Witnesses said the British shot seemed to bounce off its sides.
In 1915, two Americans were killed when a German U-boat torpedoed the British liner Lusitania in the Atlantic Ocean, an incident that helped move the United States into World War I.
In 1955, floods hit the northeastern United States, killing 200 people.
In 1960, U-2 spy plane pilot Francis Gary Powers was convicted in a Moscow court and sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was released 18 months later and exchanged for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
In 1977, one of the most powerful earthquakes in recorded history hit the eastern Indian Ocean between Australia and Indonesia, rattling buildings in Perth, Australia, 1,000 miles to the south.
In 1987, gun enthusiast Michael Ryan went on a shooting rampage in Hungerford, England, killing 16 people.
In 1991, Soviet President Gorbachev was detained at his vacation dacha as military and KGB hard-liners staged a coup that ultimately failed.
In 1992, delegates to the Republican National Convention nominated President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle for re-election. They were defeated in November by Democrats Bill Clinton and Al Gore.
In 1993, former contra rebels in Nicaragua took a government delegation hostage. In retaliation, ex-Sandinista soldiers seized political leaders in Managua, the capital. All hostages were released by both groups by Aug. 25.
In 1994, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced he was ending the 28-year U.S. policy of letting Cuban refugees take up U.S. residency if they reached the country.
In 1995, three U.S. negotiators, including U.S Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Robert Frasure, were killed when their vehicle plunged from a mountain road near Sarajevo, Bosnia.
In 1996, the Green Party nominated Ralph Nader as its presidential candidate.
In 2003, the U.N. representative to Iraq was among the 22 people killed when a cement mixer truck loaded with 1,500 pounds of explosives blew up at the U.N. headquarters in Baghdad.
Also in 2003, a suicide bomber exploded a device aboard a Jerusalem bus killing and injuring more than 100 people.
In 2004, the price of oil hit a record high of $48.70 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
In 2005, Merck & Co, said it would appeal a Texas jury's award of $253 million in a wrongful death suit over the company's Vioxx painkiller. It was the first civil trial for the drug, pulled from the market after a study showed it could increase a risk of heart attack or stroke. In all, some 4,000 lawsuits were filed in the case.
In 2006, the Democratic National Committee voted to penalize 2008 presidential candidates and states that defy the DNC nomination calendar.
Also in 2006, more than 30 people were feared dead after a boat carrying up to 200 illegal immigrants capsized and sank near Sicily, the Italian coast guard said.
In 2007, voters in Thailand approved a new constitutional referendum by the military-backed government which seized power the previous year.
Also in 2007, rescue workers were reported ending their search for six miners trapped in a Utah coal mine for nearly two weeks. Three would-be rescuers were killed in a second cave-in.
And, officials said intense heat gripping the U.S. Midwest and South contributed to the deaths of at least 47 people. Memphis endured the brunt with 10 dead.
Notable Birthdays for August 19
Those born on this date include:
- English poet John Dryden in 1631
- Connecticut clockmaker Seth Thomas in 1785
- Statesman Bernard Baruch in 1870
- Aviation pioneer Orville Wright in 1871
- French fashion designer Coco Chanel in 1883
- Actor Alfred Lunt in 1892
- Humorist Ogden Nash in 1902
- Pioneer television engineer Philo Farnsworth in 1906
- Singing Mills Brother Harry Mills in 1913
- Publisher Malcolm Forbes in 1919
- Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry in 1921
- Jockey Willie Shoemaker in 1931
- Actress Diane Muldaur in 1938 (age 70)
- Actress Jill St. John in 1940 (age 68)
- Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States, in 1946 (age 62)
- Actor Gerald McRaney in 1947 (age 61)
- Actor Adam Arkin in 1956 (age 52)
- Actor John Stamos in 1963 (age 45)
- Actor Matthew Perry in 1969 (age 39)
Copyright 2008 by United Press International